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Cold Spray Deposition of Titanium Onto Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer with Hybrid Polymer-Metal Bond Layer


Title: Cold Spray Deposition of Titanium Onto Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer with Hybrid Polymer-Metal Bond Layer

Authors: Po-Lun Feng, Alexander Li, Bo Jin, Steven Nutt

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/c.22.0071

Abstract: The feasibility of depositing Ti onto carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs) via cold spray (CS) was investigated. Dense and adherent CS Ti coatings were deposited onto CFRP with an epoxy-Al (woven Al wire reinforced) bond layer. To avoid erosion of the CFRP and achieve cold-weld of impinging particles, a bond layer (BL) is required. For a given cold spray particle size, bond layer suitability depended primarily on the mesh opening size and wire diameter of the metal reinforcement. Adhesion of cold-sprayed coating was determined by the BL-CFRP, particle-BL, and particle-particle bonding. Particle-BL bonding depended on metallic bonding, mechanical interlocking, and intermixing between the CS Ti particles and the bond layer. The first pass of cold spray partially eroded the bond layer, and the second pass filled the eroded regions, which led to interlocking between the CS Ti and BL. The deposition and adhesion mechanisms were determined by analyzing the microstructure and the results were supported by FEA. Interface engineering of the bond layer microstructure can enable hybrid process routes to impart metal-like durability to composites for light-weighting of structures and facilitating rapid repair. Hybrid bond layers can be engineered to mitigate the disparate properties of different materials to meet the design requirements for various applications.

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Conference: CAMX 2022

Publication Date: 2022/10/17

SKU: TP22-0000000071

Pages: 12

Price: $24.00

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