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Utilizing the Extended Finite Element Method to Model Energy Minimizing Crack Growth Behavior


Title: Utilizing the Extended Finite Element Method to Model Energy Minimizing Crack Growth Behavior

Authors: Andrew Haskell, Seyed Soltani

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/c.23.0082

Abstract: This work used a 2D extended finite element model (XFEM) to simulate crack growth within coated energy harvesters. The ultrathin protective layers under investigation in this work were thin films deposited onto the surface of the energy harvesters. To understand the behavior of the protective layers and their effect on the fatigue life of the energy harvesters, an open-source MATLAB program based on the minimum energy method to model the propagation of cracks was utilized. A bi-linear isotropic model was used to simulate the plasticity of two dissimilar materials. To simulate the crack growth, an idealized 2D rectangular zone comprised of the coating and the substrate was used. For the purposes of this study, material properties for bulk silicon and titanium dioxide were utilized and were obtained from various literature sources. These materials are commonly used in energy harvester devices with the former being the substrate material and the latter being the coating material. Multiple crack growth scenarios were considered. The crack initiation was placed in various locations within the model, including the edge of the coating material, within the body of each material, and the interface between the two materials. It was found that the crack growth behavior varied significantly depending on the initiation location and was dependent on the direction of propagation with respect to the material it initiated in versus the terminal material. The findings of this research will have important implications for the design of energy harvesters that can operate reliably in harsh conditions. By understanding the behavior of the crack growth at the interfacial boundary between the protective layers and the energy harvester and the factors that influence crack growth, researchers can develop strategies to improve the performance and durability of energy harvesters in extreme environments.

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Conference: CAMX 2023

Publication Date: 2023/10/30

SKU: TP23-0000000082

Pages: 13

Price: $26.00

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