Get This Paper

Glass Fiber Sheet Molding Compound /Metal Hybrid Laminates


Title: Glass Fiber Sheet Molding Compound /Metal Hybrid Laminates

Authors: Pritesh Yeole, Georges Chahine, Romeo Fono Tamo, Brandon White, Marc Al Ghazal, Umesh Marathe, Jaydeep Kolape, Uday Vaidya

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/c.23.0149

Abstract: Aerospace, automotive, and transportation industries are continually seeking ways to reduce structural weight thereby improving fuel efficiency and cost. Novel hybrid materials offer interesting avenues for cost, weight, and energy reduction. Hybrid composites such as the selective incorporation of metals in glass fiber composites enhance design opportunities to optimize the loading path resulting in cost and weight savings. Fiber metal laminates (FML) also offer improved impact and fire resistance. However, the FML system is restricted from widespread use due to the strict surface preparation requirement, a relatively low production rate, and the resultant weak interface. This study developed an innovative hybrid fiber metal laminate system in which glass fiber sheet molding compound (G-SMC) and metal are mechanically bonded through-thickness reinforcement. The metal surface consists of out-of-plane hooks which were acting as bonding components. Hybrid SMC-metal plaque was manufactured by compression molding at a rate of 4 minutes per plate. Optical microscopy of the samples exhibited good bonding between the glass SMC and hooks. In order to understand the delamination/failure behavior, various mechanical tests were conducted. The work is an ongoing broader study on hybrid materials in collaboration with IACMI-The Composites Institute, the University of Tennessee, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory with industry partners.

References: 1. Das, R., et al., Impact behaviour of fibre-metal laminates, in Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures. 2023, Elsevier. p. 535-598. 2. Eslami-Farsani, R., et al., Recent trend in developing advanced fiber metal laminates reinforced with nanoparticles: a review study. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 2022. 51(5_suppl): p. 7374S-7408S. 3. Ding, Z., et al., A review on forming technologies of fibre metal laminates. International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, 2021. 4(1): p. 110-126. 4. Chen, Y., Y. Wang, and H. Wang, Research progress on interlaminar failure behavior of fiber metal laminates. Advances in Polymer Technology, 2020. 2020: p. 1-20. 5. Keshavarz, R., H. Aghamohammadi, and R. Eslami-Farsani, The effect of graphene nanoplatelets on the flexural properties of fiber metal laminates under marine environmental conditions. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 2020. 103: p. 102709. 6. Majerski, K., B. Surowska, and J. Bienias, The comparison of effects of hygrothermal conditioning on mechanical properties of fibre metal laminates and fibre reinforced polymers. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2018. 142: p. 108-116. 7. Meola, C., S. Boccardi, and G.M. Carlomagno, Composite materials in the aeronautical industry. Infrared thermography in the evaluation of aerospace composite materials, 2017. 1: p. 1-24. 8. Gunnink, J., et al., Glare technology development 1997–2000. Applied Composite Materials, 2002. 9(4): p. 201-219. 9. Bellini, C., et al., Performance evaluation of CFRP/Al fibre metal laminates with different structural characteristics. Composite Structures, 2019. 225: p. 111117. 10. Sinmazçelik, T., et al., A review: Fibre metal laminates, background, bonding types and applied test methods. Materials & Design, 2011. 32(7): p. 3671-3685. 11. Pingkarawat, K. and A. Mouritz, Comparative study of metal and composite z-pins for delamination fracture and fatigue strengthening of composites. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2016. 154: p. 180-190. 12. Kostopoulos, V., N. Sarantinos, and S. Tsantzalis, Review of through-the-thickness reinforced z-pinned composites. Journal of Composites Science, 2020. 4(1): p. 31. 13. Feng, N.L. and S.D. Malingam, Monotonic and fatigue responses of fiber-reinforced metal laminates, in Mechanical and physical testing of biocomposites, fibre-reinforced composites and hybrid composites. 2019, Elsevier. p. 307-323. 14. Yeole, P., H. Ning, and A.A. Hassen, Development and characterization of a polypropylene matrix composite and aluminum hybrid material. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 2021. 34(3): p. 364-381. 15. Yeole, P. and U. Vaidya, Hybrid fiber metal composite laminate interlaminar reinforcement through metal interlocks. Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials, 2021. 4: p. 186-194. 16. Görthofer, J., et al., Virtual process chain of sheet molding compound: Development, validation and perspectives. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2019. 169: p. 133-147. 17. Romanenko, V., et al., Advanced process simulation of compression molded carbon fiber sheet molding compound (C-SMC) parts in automotive series applications. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2022. 157: p. 106924. 18. Lundström, T. and A. Holmgren, Dissolution of voids during compression molding of SMC. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 2010. 29(12): p. 1826-1837. 19. Wu, W., et al., A novel process for cost effective manufacturing of fiber metal laminate with textile reinforced pCBT composites and aluminum alloy. Composite Structures, 2014. 108: p. 172-180. 19. Pandyaraj V, Rajadurai A. Experimental investigation on low-velocity impact response of spherical core sandwich structure. Journal of Composite Materials. 2023;57(3):425-442. doi:10.1177/00219983221146265 20. Hongyi Cao, Mengyuan Ma, Mingshun Jiang, Lin Sun, Lei Zhang, Lei Jia, Aiqin Tian and Jianying Liang, Experimental Investigation of Impactor Diameter Effect on Low-Velocity Impact Response of CFRP Laminates in a Drop-Weight Impact Event, Materials 2020, 13, 4131; doi:10.3390/ma13184131

Conference: CAMX 2023

Publication Date: 2023/10/30

SKU: TP23-0000000149

Pages: 15

Price: $30.00

Get This Paper