Title: Optically Enhanced Bonding Workstation for Robust Bonding
Authors: Eileen O. Kutscha, Kay Y. Blohowiak, Vicki Wu, and Marc J. Piehl
Abstract: Process control is one of the methods recommended by the FAA to reduce risk in fabrication of structurally bonded composite joints for aircraft structure based on guidance provided in circular AC-107B [ ] for certification of structurally bonded joints. An Optically Enhanced Bonding Workstation is presented here that reduces the risk in bonded joint fabrication. Results will be presented demonstrating the benefits of process monitoring and its ability to reduce risk in performing pre-bond composite surface preparation steps. This supports reduction in the timeline to certification of bonded composite structures through development of a robust bonding process upstream of any part certification steps.
Sanding surface preparation has been identified as a high risk process step that is known to impact bond performance. Control of sanding during surface preparation can be performed using portable surface analysis tools previously identified including included gloss, color, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and optically stimulated electron emissions (OSEE). Threshold limits for the surface analysis tool measurements were determined based on an example objective bonding system utilizing a common EA9394 paste adhesive measured using standard double cantilever beam fracture toughness testing. The patented Optically Enhanced Bonding Workstation (OEBW) [ ], was tailored to monitor and control the epoxy composite surface preparation step. Surface analysis tool threshold limits were incorporated into the OEBW to demonstrate improved composite bond performance through process control. The surface analysis tools investigated here can easily be incorporated into an automated system due to their applicability to rapidly quantify the composite sanded surface treatment and their portability.
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Conference: SAMPE 2019 - Charlotte, NC
Publication Date: 2019/05/20
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