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Plasma Surface Functionalization of AFP Manufactured Composites for Improved Adhesive Bond Performance


Title: Plasma Surface Functionalization of AFP Manufactured Composites for Improved Adhesive Bond Performance

Authors: Ibrahim Sarikaya, Malik Tahiyat, Ramy Harik, Tanvir Farouk, John Connell, and Peter Gilday

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/s.19.1593

Abstract: Application of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) as a high-performance structural material has widespread application in the present aerospace industry. However, as-processed composite materials require a comprehensive surface treatment prior to bonding to remove contaminants and impart surface functionality and topography to overcome their poor adhesion properties. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet treatment (APPJT) has been increasingly garnering attention as an alternate method for surface preparation of CFRP. This method has been reported to achieve success in imparting favorable polar functional groups into the composite surfaces enhancing wettability and surface energy of the bonded surfaces. In some cases, APPJT has been demonstrated to remove contaminants or, in the case of silicones, convert them to silica. In this study, an atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) system was used for surface activation of a composite laid-up by an automated fiber placement (AFP) machine. Surface modifications prior to and after treatment were characterized using water contact angle (WCA) measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Double cantilever beam (DCB) tests were performed to quantify the bonding performance of the composites. The results show a marked enhancement of the mode I interlaminar fracture toughness with the application of APPJT.

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Conference: SAMPE 2019 - Charlotte, NC

Publication Date: 2019/05/20

SKU: TP19--1593

Pages: 11

Price: FREE

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