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DIGITAL LIBRARY: SAMPE neXus 2021 | JUNE 29 - JULY 1

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Bond-Related Aircraft Accidents/Incidents: A Review

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Title: Bond-Related Aircraft Accidents/Incidents: A Review

Authors: Guilherme G. Momm, Larry Ilcewicz, Cynthia Ashforth, David C. Fleming

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/s.21.0415

Abstract: Because structural bonding is strongly process-dependent and adhesion phenomena are complex, the simulation or experimental reproduction of bonded joints’ long-term structural behavior under real-life conditions is challenging. This challenge magnifies the value associated with in-service data. Since 1944 the International Civil Aviation Organization has recommended member states to investigate aircraft incidents/accidents. Although there are today thousands of publicly available investigation reports, prepared by qualified investigators and often complemented by third-party engineering data, no survey of those events associated with bonding issues was found. Hence, this work identified and reviewed 72 bond-related events involving type-certified, civil aircraft from 13 countries in five continents. These events’ root causes were categorized to identify potential bonding certification shortfalls. The results emphasize the need for process control and durability substantiation to ensure long-term safe operation of bonded structures and show that no additional layer of protection (e.g., load path redundancy, damage growth arrest features, environmental protection measures, damage tolerance-based maintenance actions, or advanced nondestructive inspections) alone can guarantee the expected joint structural performance in case of substandard bonding. These findings are consistent with current certification guidance materials.

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Conference: SAMPE NEXUS 2021

Publication Date: 2021/06/29

SKU: TP21-0000000415

Pages: 18

Price: FREE

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