Title: A Review of Super-Cool Passive Heat Radiating Materials
Authors: Fatema Tuz Zohra, Bahram Asiabanpour
Abstract: This paper gives a review of the present scenarios of research related to super-cool heat radiative materials with a detailed summary of the four most common materials with interesting findings. Scientists and researchers have come forward to find ways to tackle climate change due to global warming. One of the approaches that researchers are taking is uncovering and experimenting with passive heat radiating materials that radiate most of its heat in the spectrum of atmospheric transparency window (8-13 μm). In general, every heated object radiates heat in the form of electromagnetic radiation. But due to the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the earth acts just like a giant greenhouse. As a result, most of the radiated heat from the earth gets trapped in its atmosphere, except for the longwave infrared radiation (IR) one. The atmosphere is transparent to this kind of radiation and hence scientists hope that using the cold outer space (3K) as a heat sink, the earth might still be able to radiate back the excess heat. The objectives, structures, and the results of these different emitters have been discussed in this review paper. These materials do have significant potential if used in a planned way.
References:  J. N. Munday, “Tackling Climate Change through Radiative Cooling,” Joule, vol. 3, no. 9. Cell Press, pp. 2057–2060, 18-Sep-2019.  T. Ming, R. De Richter, W. Liu, and S. Caillol, “Fighting global warming by climate engineering: Is the Earth radiation management and the solar radiation management any option for fighting climate change,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 31. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 792–834, 2014.  J. Liu, Z. Zhou, J. Zhang, W. Feng, and J. Zuo, “Advances and challenges in commercializing radiative cooling,” Materials Today Physics, vol. 11. Elsevier Ltd, 01-Dec-2019.  “infrared radiation | Definition, Wavelengths, & Facts | Britannica.” [Online]. Available: https://www.britannica.com/science/infrared-radiation. [Accessed: 06-Nov-2020].  “electromagnetic spectrum | Definition, Diagram, & Uses | Britannica.” [Online]. Available: https://www.britannica.com/science/electromagnetic-spectrum. [Accessed: 06-Nov-2020].  A. Aili, Z. Y. Wei, Y. Z. Chen, D. L. Zhao, R. G. Yang, and X. B. Yin, “Selection of polymers with functional groups for daytime radiative cooling,” Mater. Today Phys., vol. 10, p. 100127, Aug. 2019.  Z. Xia, Z. Fang, Z. Zhang, K. Shi, and Z. Meng, “Easy Way to Achieve Self-Adaptive Cooling of Passive Radiative Materials,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, vol. 12, p. 11, 2020.  Z. Cheng, F. Wang, H. Wang, H. Liang, and L. Ma, “Effect of embedded polydisperse glass microspheres on radiative cooling of a coating,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., vol. 140, pp. 358–367, Jun. 2019.  X. Gan, D. Xu, and Y. Lv, “Fabrication of TiO 2-coated ZrO 2 fibers for heat radiative applications,” Mater. Chem. Phys., vol. 251, p. 123111, 2020.  B. Zhao et al., “Performance analysis of a hybrid system combining photovoltaic and nighttime radiative cooling,” Appl. Energy, vol. 252, Oct. 2019.  X. Ao, M. Hu, B. Zhao, N. Chen, G. Pei, and C. Zou, “Preliminary experimental study of a specular and a diffuse surface for daytime radiative cooling,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 191, pp. 290–296, Mar. 2019.  B. Zhao, X. Ao, N. Chen, Q. Xuan, M. Hu, and G. Pei, “General strategy of passive sub-ambient daytime radiative cooling,” 2019.  B. Zhao et al., “A novel strategy for a building-integrated diurnal photovoltaic and all-day radiative cooling system,” Energy, vol. 183, pp. 892–900, Sep. 2019.  D. Zhao, A. Aili, X. Yin, G. Tan, and R. Yang, “Roof-integrated radiative air-cooling system to achieve cooler attic for building energy saving,” Energy Build., vol. 203, Nov. 2019.  P. Yang, C. Chen, and Z. M. Zhang, “A dual-layer structure with record-high solar reflectance for daytime radiative cooling,” Sol. Energy, vol. 169, pp. 316–324, Jul. 2018.  Z. Huang and X. Ruan, “Nanoparticle embedded double-layer coating for daytime radiative cooling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 104, pp. 890–896, Jan. 2017.  J. Peoples, X. Li, Y. Lv, J. Qiu, Z. Huang, and X. Ruan, “A strategy of hierarchical particle sizes in nanoparticle composite for enhancing solar reflection,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 131, pp. 487–494, Mar. 2019.  S. Meng et al., “Scalable dual-layer film with broadband infrared emission for sub-ambient daytime radiative cooling,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 208, May 2020.  M. Gao et al., “Approach to fabricating high-performance cooler with near-ideal emissive spectrum for above-ambient air temperature radiative cooling,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 200, Sep. 2019.  G. Wei, D. Yang, T. Zhang, X. Yue, and F. Qiu, “Fabrication of multifunctional coating with high luminous transmittance, self-cleaning and radiative cooling performances for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 202, Nov. 2019.  S. Y. Jeong, C. Y. Tso, Y. M. Wong, C. Y. H. Chao, and B. Huang, “Daytime passive radiative cooling by ultra emissive bio-inspired polymeric surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 206, Mar. 2020.  M. M. Hossain, B. Jia, and M. Gu, “A Metamaterial Emitter for Highly Efficient Radiative Cooling,” Adv. Opt. Mater., vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1047–1051, Aug. 2015.  D. Wu et al., “The design of ultra-broadband selective near-perfect absorber based on photonic structures to achieve near-ideal daytime radiative cooling,” Mater. Des., vol. 139, pp. 104–111, Feb. 2018.  K. Zhang, D. Zhao, X. Yin, R. Yang, and G. Tan, “Energy saving and economic analysis of a new hybrid radiative cooling system for single-family houses in the USA,” 2018.  Yao Zhai et al., “Scalable-manufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling,” Science (80-. )., vol. 355, no. 6329, pp. 1058–1062, Mar. 2017.  B. Zhao, M. Hu, X. Ao, and G. Pei, “Performance evaluation of daytime radiative cooling under different clear sky conditions,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 155, pp. 660–666, Jun. 2019.  Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day-night cycle,” Nat. Commun., vol. 7, Dec. 2016.  S. Y. Heo et al., “A Janus emitter for passive heat release from enclosures,” 2020.  Q. Liu, W. Wu, S. Lin, H. Xu, Y. Lu, and W. Song, “Non-tapered metamaterial emitters for radiative cooling to low temperature limit,” Opt. Commun., vol. 450, pp. 246–251, Nov. 2019.  A. P. Raman, W. Li, and S. Fan, “Generating Light from Darkness,” Joule, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 2679–2686, Nov. 2019.  M. Ono, P. Santhanam, W. Li, B. Zhao, and S. Fan, “Experimental demonstration of energy harvesting from the sky using the negative illumination effect of a semiconductor photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 114, no. 16, Apr. 2019.  D. Zhao et al., “Subambient Cooling of Water: Toward Real-World Applications of Daytime Radiative Cooling,” Joule, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 111–123, Jan. 2019.  C. Liu, Y. Wu, B. Wang, C. Y. Zhao, and H. Bao, “Effect of atmospheric water vapor on radiative cooling performance of different surfaces,” Sol. Energy, vol. 183, pp. 218–225, May 2019.  M. Li and C. F. M. Coimbra, “On the effective spectral emissivity of clear skies and the radiative cooling potential of selectively designed materials,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 135, pp. 1053–1062, Jun. 2019.  “New metamaterial enhances natural cooling without power input – Physics World.” [Online]. Available: https://physicsworld.com/a/new-metamaterial-enhances-natural-cooling-without-power-input/. [Accessed: 07-Nov-2020
Conference: SAMPE NEXUS 2021
Publication Date: 2021/06/29
Price: FREEGet This Paper