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A Multiscale Modeling Approach to Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Pressure Vessels – Part II: Constitutive Modeling and Finite Element Analysis


Title: A Multiscale Modeling Approach to Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Pressure Vessels – Part II: Constitutive Modeling and Finite Element Analysis

Authors: Ba Nghiep Nguyen, Hee Seok Roh, Daniel R. Merkel, Kenneth I. Johnson, Kevin L. Simmons

DOI: 10.33599/nasampe/s.21.0595

Abstract: Subjected to thermomechanical cycling, composite cryogenic hydrogen (H2) storage pressure vessels experience high stresses in the carbon fiber (CF)/epoxy overwrap which can lead to vessel failure due to a combination of degradation mechanisms such as matrix cracking, fiber/matrix debonding, delamination, and fiber rupture. The present paper is the second of two articles that addresses the analysis and design of these pressure vessels. Predictive finite element (FE) modeling capabilities have been used to support a material acceptance process for evaluating specialty resins, vessel liner options, and CF composites through thermomechanical testing. We have applied a multiscale modeling approach recently developed (B.N. Nguyen et al., International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2019, to perform three-dimensional (3D) FE analysis and design of a cryo-compressed H2 storage pressure vessel for its operation in a large temperature range from room to cryogenic temperatures. The developed approach termed the micro-meso-macro approach determines the laminar stresses in different layers of the vessel in addition to constituent (i.e., fiber and matrix) stresses that are important to the design of the composite overwrap for its layup and material combination to reduce the risk of vessel failure.

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Conference: SAMPE NEXUS 2021

Publication Date: 2021/06/29

SKU: TP21-0000000595

Pages: 9

Price: FREE

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