Title: Influence of Iron Catalyzed Sustainable Packaging Waste Derived Carbon on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Biopolymer Films
Authors: Zaheeruddin Mohammed, Shashank Kumar Rangari, Shaik Jeelani, Vijaya Rangari
Abstract: Iron catalyzed carbon, derived from high temperature/pressure pyrolysis of sustainable packaging waste material was used as a reinforcing filler material in bioplolymer thermoplastic matrix. Crystallographic structure of synthesized carbon was analyzed using X-ray Diffraction (XRD). It was found that the as-prepared carbon is crystalline in nature when iron was used as a catalyst. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed morphological and microspore structure of the carbon. Bioplast polymer was then reinforced with 1 and 5 wt. % of bio-derived carbon through ultrasonication followed by melt extrusion process. Carbon reinforced composite material was used to make films using Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) based 3-D printing technique. Thus, printed films were tested for mechanical properties using tensile test. Thermal properties and decomposition behavior of the composite material was studied using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). It was found that carbon filler reinforcement helped in improving thermal properties of the material. 50% decomposition temperature improved upto 30 °C just with a loading of 5 wt. %. Mechanical properties of the material could not be improved primarily due to agglomeration of carbon material in bioplast matrix.
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Publication Date: 2021/06/29
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