Title: MEASURING THERMALLY-INDUCED DISTORTION OF LARGE-SCALE COMPOSITE PRINTED STRUCTURES USING DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION
Authors: Tyler M. Corum, Johnna C. O’Connell, Ahmed A. Hassen, Chad E. Duty
Abstract: Additive manufacturing (AM) gives designers the ability to create complex part geometries without several of the limitations of traditional manufacturing. Large-Scale AM (LSAM) allows the creation of large composite structures and is a popular area of composite tooling research. Fiber-reinforced polymers are common feedstock for LSAM tooling but introduce anisotropic thermomechanical properties that can lead to the warpage of tools at autoclave conditions. Digital image correlation (DIC) has been used to measure the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of LSAM parts using a novel DIC Oven design. This method was utilized to measure the CTE of LSAM structures printed using different fiber-reinforced materials and multiple geometries. Specifically, glass fiber ABS (GF-ABS) and carbon fiber ABS (CF-ABS) samples were compared as well as cube and plate geometries for each material. The temperature profile over time was also evaluated to determine how rapidly the strain of the sample increased as temperature of the DIC Oven was increased. A thermal model was developed to predict temperature profiles for various samples and identify when the samples had reached thermal equilibrium.
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Conference: SAMPE 2023
Publication Date: 2023/04/17
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